Five sustainable materials you should know when you go shopping fashion clothes:
Bamboo has traditionally been used to make paper by hand in Asia. Bamboo pulp can now be turned into bamboo fibre, which can be used to manufacture yarn and clothing, owing to contemporary technology. Bamboo fabric is a natural textile made from bamboo grass pulp. Bamboo fibre is made by pulping bamboo grass until thin threads of fibre separate, which are then spun and dyed for weaving into cloth.
Benefits of Bamboo fabric:
- Antibacterial – keeps you odour free and feeling and smelling fresh
- Highly sweat absorbent (pulls moisture from skin for evaporation – moisture wicking) – keeps you dry
- Powerfully insulating – keeps you cooler in summer and warmer in winter
- One of the softest fabrics on the planet you’ll love the way it feels
- Naturally UV protectant – protect yourself from skin cancer
- Hypoallergenic – natural bamboo does not cause allergic reactions
The most appealing feature of bamboo fabric is that it is the most environmentally friendly fabric available. Bamboo is a tropical plant with a deep root structure that produces four to six new shoots each year, replacing itself spontaneously. It’s also 100 percent biodegradable, the most renewable resource on the earth, and supplies a lot of useable oxygen, making it an important part of the oxygen-carbon dioxide balance in the atmosphere.
As bamboo clothing becomes increasingly popular in the fashion sector, the growth and demand for bamboo plants will inevitably increase. This could lead to an increase in photosynthesis and provide another option for reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Tencel, like viscose and modal, is a rayon. All of these cellulose fibres are created in the same way: by dissolving wood pulp and drying it with a process known as spinning. To make a wet mixture, the wood chips are mixed with a solvent before drying. The material is then squeezed through tiny holes to produce threads, which are subsequently chemically treated before being spun into yarn and made into fabric.
Tencel requires less energy and water to manufacture than conventional cotton. Tencel is biodegradable because it is derived from plants, but make sure it isn’t mixed with other synthetic fibers like nylon when discarding the garment. Tencel requires far less dye than cotton, despite the fact that it, like most materials, is frequently dyed with harmful conventional dyes. It’s also pure white when it’s made, so there’s no need to bleach it, and it can always be left undyed.
Hemp fabric is a form of textile manufactured from fibers extracted from the Cannabis sativa plant’s stalks. For millennia, this plant has been known as a source of extremely tensile and durable textile fibers, but the psychoactive properties of Cannabis sativa have recently made it more difficult for farmers to grow this extremely beneficial crop.
Hemp is a lightweight fabric that is highly breathable and effectively facilitates the passage of moisture from the skin to the atmosphere, making it an excellent choice for hot climates. This sort of cloth is simple to dye and is resistant to mold, mildew, and possibly hazardous bacteria.
Hemp fabric softens with each wash, and the fibers of hemp fabric do not degrade even after hundreds of washes. Organic hemp fabric is virtually great for clothes since it is reasonably easy to create responsibly.
4. Organic Cotton
Cotton that has been cultivated without the use of synthetic agricultural agents such as fertilizers, pesticides, or transgenic technology is known as organic cotton. It was first planted in the 1980s as a way to ensure that agriculture was sustainable, ecologically friendly, and biodynamic. Organic cotton is good for both people and the environment because it promotes and improves biodiversity and biological cycles. As a result, despite the fact that organic cotton fiber has inferior characteristics to ordinary cotton fiber, global organic cotton output is expanding quickly.
Hemp fabric is a form of textile manufactured from fibers extracted from the Cannabis sativa plant’s stalks. For millennia, this plant has been known as a source of extremely tensile and durable textile fibers, but the psychoactive properties of Cannabis sativa have recently made it more difficult for farmers to grow this extremely beneficial crop. Piatex is made by felting the long fibres of pineapple leaves together to produce a non-woven substrate, then adding PLA (polylactic acid), a cornstarch-based vegetable-based plastic substance, resulting in a base material made up of 80% pineapple leaf fibre and 20% PLA. A petroleum-based resin is then applied to the material.
Waste pineapple leaves are used in the production process because the pineapple business produces 40,000 tonnes of waste leaves each year, which are generally left to decay or burnt. To make one square metre of material, approximately 480 leaves (the waste from 16 pineapple plants) are required. The material is made from long leaf fibers that pineapple farmers separate for extra income, and the leftover biomass from the process can be used as fertilizer. Piatex is made without the use of extra water, pesticides, or fertilizers, and without the use of heavy metallic salts like those used in chrome-tanned leather.
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